Legal Framework


Officers should have a firm grasp of the UK legal framework for intellectual property, including a detailed knowledge of the law relating to copyright and trade marks and the associated enforcement options, an understanding of prominent case law, and an awareness of the law concerning patents and designs and all the ancillary legislation associated with intellectual property investigations.

Core Learning Resources

 Law and Practice


  Copyright Acts and Related Laws

  Trade Marks Act 1994

 Patents Sections: Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988

  Registered Design Act and Rules

  Design Right Sections: Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988

  Intellectual Property Offences


  Intellectual Property Crime

  Forgery and Counterfeiting

  Proceeds of Crime Act 2002: Enforcement

All Crown Prosecution Service

  Copyright Tribunal

IPO, 2016

  Intellectual Property Enterprise Court

HM Courts & Tribunals Service, 2015

Further Reading

 Directive 98/71/EC: Legal Protection of Designs

  Regulation 6/2002: Community Designs

Both World Intellectual Property Organization

Case Law:

  Intellectual Property Case Search System (IpCass)

IPO (archived)

Summaries of cases relevant to the private or public prosecution of IP offences

  Arsenal Football Club v Matthew Reed (2003)

  Blakemore v Bellamy (1982)

  Nottinghamshire County Council v Woolworths Plc (2006)

  R v Bhad (1998)

  R v Carter (1992)

  R v Davies (2003)

  R v George Banks (t/a Northern Promotions) (2005)

  R v Horseferry Road Justices (1998)

  R v Johnstone (2003)

  R v Keane (2000)

  R v Price (1993)

  Puma AG Rudolf Dassler Sport v Sports Soccer Ltd (2003)

  Sony Computer Entertainment v Paul Owen and Others (2002)

  West Sussex County Council v Kahraman (1969)

All IpCass (archived)

  Allen v Redshaw (2013)

  L'Oreal and Others v Bellvure and Others (2006)

Both British and Irish Legal Information Institute

Other Information

Ancillary Legislation:

  Accessories and Abettors Act 1861 (Aiding and Abetting)

  Business Protection from Misleading Marketing (Amendment) Regulations 2013

  Computer Misuse Act 1990

  Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations 2008

  Criminal Law Act 1977 Part 1 (Conspiracy)

  Enterprise Act 2002 (Part 8)

  Enterprise Act 2002 (Part 9)

  Forgery and Counterfeiting Act 1981

  Fraud Act 2006

  Magistrates Courts Act 1980

  Proceeds of Crime Act 2002

  Regulatory Enforcement and Sanctions Act 2008

  Serious Crime Act 2007 Part 2 (Encouraging or Assisting Crime)

  Trade Descriptions Act 1968